Dislocation-crack interaction and recrystallised grains

March 31, 2011

[1] Interaction of a dislocation with a crack tip: From stimulated emission to avalanche generation

G Michot

Stress relaxation at a crack tip relies on the material’s ability to generate dislocations. Despite the extensive literature devoted to crack–dislocation interaction, no one has yet explained how dislocations appear and multiply in order to build a fully plastic zone. Here we will show how a simple event, such as the intersection of a unique incoming dislocation with a crack front, induces the generation of new dislocations: this effect is called “stimulated emission”. Submitted to the applied crack stress field, these dislocations can repeat the stimulation process step by step all along the crack front, through a cross-slip mechanism. Such a rapidly increasing rate of dislocations nucleation leads to a sudden growth of the plastic zone (avalanche).

[2] Modeling the recrystallized grain size in single phase materials

S Wang et al

A model is proposed for post-recrystallization grain size. The model is based on the coarsening of subgrain networks as present after deformation and recovery. It is shown that the orientation spread in the subgrain network is the key variable in predicting the density of abnormal subgrains and, hence, the recrystallized grain size. The model explains the strong dependence of the post-recrystallization grain size on prior strain and the lack of a dependence on the annealing temperature.

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