Couple of papers from Acta

September 10, 2010

[1] Evolution of structure and free volume in symmetric tilt grain boundaries during dislocation nucleation

G J Tucker et al

Grain boundary evolution in copper bicrystals is investigated during uniaxial tension at 10 K. Grain boundary structures are generated using molecular statics employing an embedded atom method potential, followed by molecular dynamics simulation at a constant 1 × 109 s−1 strain rate. Interfacial free volume is continuously measured during boundary deformation, and its evolution is investigated both prior to and during grain boundary dislocation nucleation. Free volume provides valuable insight into atomic-scale processes associated with stress-induced grain boundary deformation. Different boundary structures are investigated in this work to analyze the role of interface structure, stress state and initial free volume on dislocation nucleation. The results indicate that the free volume influences interfacial deformation through modified atomic-scale processes, and grain boundaries containing particular free volume distributions show a greater propensity for collective atomic migration during inelastic deformation.

[2] Segregation-induced grain boundary electrical potential in ionic oxide materials: A first principles model

D Gomez-Garcia et al

A first principles continuum analytical model for cationic segregation to the grain boundaries in complex ceramic oxides is presented. The model permits one to determine the electric charge density and the segregation-induced electric potential profiles through the grain and can be extrapolated to the range of nanostructured grain sizes. The theoretical predictions are compared with existing data for yttria-stabilized tetragonal zirconia polycrystals. The implications for physical properties (mainly high temperature plasticity and hardening behaviour) are then discussed.

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