Mechanical alloying of yttria dispersed steel

January 28, 2009

Bacause the first author happens to be a close friend on whose work I want to keep tabs on, and, because yttria can be dispersed in steel:

Microstructure development in mechanically alloyed yttria dispersed austenitic steels

M P Phaniraj, D-I Kim, J-H Shim and Y W Cho

Austenitic oxide dispersion strengthened (ODS) alloys containing 0.5 and 5 wt.% yttria were prepared from elemental powders (Fe–20% Ni–14% Cr–2.5% Mo–2.5% Al–2% Mn) by mechanical alloying. The powders were analyzed using X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and transmission electron microscopy (TEM), paying particular attention to the behavior of yttria. XRD and high-resolution TEM analyses show that yttria does not form a solid solution with austenite; unlike in ferritic ODS alloys, where it dissolves. Milling induces the formation of the thermodynamically favorable yttrium aluminum perovskite (YAP). Alumina from the aluminum powder in the starting blend, formed in the initial stages of milling using oxygen available from the other elemental powders, combines with yttria to form YAP. The yttria content does not affect alloy formation but reduces the crystallite size and strain significantly in the 5% yttria composition. TEM analysis of hot-pressed compacts reveals nanocrystalline particles of yttria, yttrium aluminum garnet and YAP.

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One Response to “Mechanical alloying of yttria dispersed steel”

  1. Phaniraj Says:

    Thanx for citing Guru. Yes, it ‘can’ be dispersed. The ‘big’ was actually not convinced that yttria was added to steel at all. On the other extreme there are the Oakridge guys who are bent on proving that it dissolves in steel!. Now,… i find that difficult to digest.


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