Ordering kinetics and dendritic growth morphologies

January 5, 2009

An interesting paper!

Influence of ordering kinetics on dendritic growth morphology

H Assadi, M Oghabi and D M Herlach

The effect of interfacial ordering kinetics on growth morphology is examined for undercooling solidification of intermetallics. The focus is on NiAl, which has been found to solidify into completely irregular seaweed-like morphologies at growth velocities of not, vert, similar2 m s−1. The transition from regular dendritic to seaweed growth in this material is simulated using a hybrid deterministic–probabilistic model of microstructure evolution, taking account of the interfacial kinetic effects. Modelling shows that seaweed formation in intermetallic forming systems can be attributed in part to transient entrapment of the chemical and orientational disorder at the solid/liquid interface. Both types of disorder trapping give rise to strongly preferential depression of the interfacial temperature, while orientational disorder trapping also reduces the definitiveness of crystal orientation at the interface. These effects counterbalance the role of crystallographic anisotropy in promoting growth into preferred directions, and hence lead to relatively easy breakdown of regular dendritic patterns in highly ordered materials.

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